Pluralist Theories of the State

Gap-fill exercise

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   actively      agendas      arena      compromises      decisions      democracy      dispersed      mirror      negotiates      neutral      population      represented      unbiased      Weathervane   
Pluralists argue that an important feature of a western is the way in which the interests of the are channelled through pressure groups and then on to politicians. Through the activity of pressure groups pluralists argue that all the significant groups in society are . Power is therefore through society with no single group dominating.

Pluralists Dunleavy and O’Leary identify three main pluralist views of the State
1. The Weathervane model
2. The state model
3. The broker state model

The model sees the state as a weather vane of public opinion - (wherever public opinion blows it it points). The the state takes therefore always reflect the concerns of the citizens of the country.

The Neutral State model sees the state as more than a simple weather vane or to public opinion. Instead it is seen as a neutral () referee. The state provides the for pressure groups to express their opinions takes on board everyone’s views then makes a decision in the public interest. The state does not favour any particular group but makes decisions rather than just being blown in a certain direction like the weathervane model.

The Broker State Model identifies groups within the state as having their own and concerns. A broker is someone who and facilitates deals between competing groups. State policies are therefore often brokered between different groups within the state e.g. political parties and government departments