Elite Pluralism

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Elite retains the emphasis upon the existence of a number of groups, which compete with each other for power and influence. However, it differs from classical pluralism in two main ways:
1. There is recognition that not all individuals are necessarily by the interest group system. Among the under-represented are black people, the working class, consumers, , the unemployed and the old. ( all groups with little economic power).
In this view, under-representation occurs because people do not wish to be represented. Additionally, the government the interests of the under-represented, because although they might not have any economic or political resources, they do have a . So the representative system acts as a check on the unrepresentative aspects of the interest group system.
2. It is acknowledged that groups are less open and responsive to their members than classical pluralists assumed, because all organisations tend to be .
This version of pluralism presents us with innovation without change - the essential elements remain the same. Groups are still seen as with each other for scarce resources, with no one group , and with the government retaining an independent and stance. The main divergence with classical pluralism is over the process by which is exercised and decisions taken. For the elite pluralist, groups are involved in the process of consultation and indeed this process may have certain or corporatist elements.