The Nazi Party 1919-29

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   Aryan      attack      bodyguard      Communism      Communists      Drexler      elected      Hitler      jail      Jews      Kampf      Living      local      money      obedience      Programme      propaganda      Putsch      racial      radio      scapegoats      socialist      Stresemann      support      Youth   
The Nazis grew out of a small right-wing party, which took over after 1919. He developed a party programme based on hatred, and built up a paramilitary group (the SA) to defend his meetings and other parties.

1. Start
The German Workers’ Party, led by Anton , was formed in 1919. Hitler joined and soon became leader. His speeches gave people to blame for Germany’s problems:
a. The Allies.
b. The Versailles Treaty and the ‘November Criminals’ (the politicians who signed it).
c. The , and:
d. The .

2. Twenty-five Point Programme
a. In 1920, the party renamed itself the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (Nazis), and announced its Twenty-Five Point .
b. At first, the Nazis were both nationalist (they believed in Germany’s greatness) and (they believed the state should benefit everybody equally).

3. Mein Kampf
After the failure of the Munich Putsch in 1923, Hitler was sent to Landsberg . There he wrote Mein (My Struggle) advocating:
a. National Socialism – loyalty to Germany, purity, equality and state control of the economy.
b. Racism – the triumph of the race by armed force, because all races, especially the Jews, were inferior to the Aryan (pure German) ‘Master Race’.
c. Lebensraum – to expand into Poland and Russia to get ‘ Space’.
d. Strong Government – complete to the Führer.

4. Organisation
At first, there were a number of people involved in running the party, but Hitler built up the organisation so that he was unquestioned leader.

The Decline of the Nazi Party, 1924-9
The Nazis appealed to a wide range of people, but especially the 'middling' sort of people, and the party grew rapidly in the years of crisis 1919-1923. After the disaster of the Munich Putsch, and during the prosperity of the years, however, support for the Nazis fell. During this time Hitler believed that he could be to power. He used these years to develop and strengthen the party's organisation.

1. Elections and decline
After the failure of the Munich , Hitler decided that he would have to get power by being elected, rather than by rebellion. However, he was banned from speaking until 1928.
The prosperity of the Stresemann years, also, meant that the Nazi’s message became less appealing and the party lost .

2. Re-organising the Party
In this period, however, Hitler set about reorganising the Party. He put in place many of the things which helped it take power after 1928.
a. He reduced the number of Stormtroopers (SA) and set up the SS, a personal fanatically loyal to himself.
b. He set up a network of parties. He merged with other right-wing parties, then took them over.
c. He set up the Hitler , which attracted young people to the party.
d. He put Josef Goebbels in charge of . Goebbels and Hitler believed that the best way to get the support of the masses was by appealing to their feelings rather than by argument. They waged a propaganda campaign using posters, leaflets, and film, and organised rallies.
e. He cultivated the support of wealthy businessmen promising them that, if he came to power, he would destroy and the Trade Unions. This gave him the to run his campaigns.