Weimar Constitution

Gap-fill exercise

Complete the exercise online and print it. Then open the worksheet on the Constitution and print it for your notes

   Army      Chancellor      changes      coalition      constitution      democracy      democratic      Kaiser      Munich      parliament      power      Reichstag      right      support      voting   
The Constitution under the Kaiser
The Constitution of the Second Reich gave control over the government to the as hereditary head of state
In the Second Reich the Kaiser chose the from the unelected Bundesrat
In the Second Reich the Kaiser had total control over the
The elected (Parliament) in the Second Reich had very few powers and no control over the Chancellor or the unelected Bundesrat which made the laws

The Constitution under Weimar
The new Weimar Republic constitution was with a President as head of state elected for seven years
The elected Reichstag was the senior house of the German , controlling the laws and finances of the country
The was chosen by the President but had to have the majority of support in the elected Reichstag
The President of the Weimar Republic controlled the
In time of crisis the President could use Article 48 of the to take over the running of the government and appoint his own chancellor if necessary without consulting the Reichstag
Proportional Representation (PR) was the system used to elect members of the Reichstag - this led to governments as no party ever had a simple majority in the Reichstag.

Why was the Weimar Constitution Ineffective?
1. PR led to too many political parties
2. PR led to weak coalition governments and frequent of government
3. Germans had no experience of - they were used to strong leaders like the Kaiser
4. Many government officials – especially judges – were -wing and wanted to destroy the government. After the Kapp Putsch, 700 rebels were tried for treason; only 1 went to prison. After the Putsch, Hitler went to prison for only 9 months.
5. The Army, led by the right-wing General Hans von Seeckt, was not fully under the government’s control (The President was in charge of it not the Parliament). It failed to government during the Kapp Putsch or the crisis of 1923.
6. The German states (local government) had too much and often ignored the government

Weimar Constitution