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Social Class

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The main type of stratification in modern societies is social . A social class is a group of people who share a similar position. Class can be measured by occupation, or ownership of property and capital. People within a social class tend to share similar levels of education, and lifestyle.

Class systems are different to older systems like caste and feudalism in the following ways

1. There are no definite between classes - it is hard to say where one class begins and ends.
2. Despite stratification by class all citizens of modern industrial democracies have equal .
3. Class systems are not based on law or they are based on economic factors
4. There are no barriers to marriage across classes.
5. Most class systems aspire to be open societies where social mobility is possible.
6. In class systems status tends to be rather than although this is not always the case