Research Methods Summary

Gap-fill exercise

Lesson Instructions Complete the gaps exercise then try the quiz

   Case      comparative      depth      disagree      frame      large      observations      participant      positivists      Primary      qualitative      quantitative      questionnaires      random      realities      repeated      research      researcher      respondent      Secondary      valid   
Sociologists try to uncover the of social life and the social world using a variety of specific methods.

All sociologists see the need for rigorous research methods but they tend to on which methods they prefer.

There are two main sociological approaches (perspectives) on research methods, or scientific sociologists who like data and intepretivist (interactionist) sociologists who prefer data. Positivists therefore prefer surveys whereas interpretivists prefer .

Sampling involves selecting a small number of people from a sample . There are two main types of sampling - sampling and quota sampling.

There are two main ways of asking people questions - and interviews. Questionnaires are written sets of questions the sends back to the researcher; interviews involve the asking questions of the respondent face to face. Questionnaires are good if the researcher wants to survey a number of people whilst interviews can allow to researcher to achieve greater .

A Study is when a particular group of people is studies at great depth.

The method is where two societies are compared and key similarities and differences drawn out. Theories are constructed as to why there are differences.

research is research the sociologist carries out herself directly with respondents

sources are the research and writings of others already in existence.

There are two main types of observation favoured by interpretivists - and non participant.

If research is said to be reliable it could be and the same results achieved.

If research is said to be it gives a true picture of the social reality being studied.