Gap-fill exercise

Complete the exercise then try the TESTS linked at the bottom of the page

confronts ease forgetful influence Interactionists observation open Positivists preset quantitative questionnaires reliable researcher understand unstructured validity
Interviews can be either structured or . Structured interviews are ones in which questions are asked by the researcher. Unstructured interviews are more like conversations between the researcher and the respondent. Partly structured interviews have some preset questions but scope for more ended discussion also.

Interviewing Styles
Non Directive - the interviewer tries not to the respondent - used in most interviews
Aggressive - the interview the respondent. Becker suggested this was appropriate for certain topics such as uncovering hidden racist attitudes.
Group interviews - can be more effective because respondents are more at and more likely to open up in the course of a group conversation.

The Advantages of Interviews
prefer interviews to observation because larger samples can be studies and more data generated. The research can more easily be repeated and is therefore more .
prefer interviews to questionnaires because there is more opportunity for interviewees to explain what they mean and express their own ideas. This can result in greater depth and .

Interviews are useful when the researcher is studying groups or are unlikely or unable to complete or groups who would be unwilling to subject themselves to (e.g. criminals).

The Disadvantages of Interviews
Validity of data might be questionable - respondents might lie or be or not properly the questions.
Interviewer Bias - the presence of the researcher may effect the answers of the respondents - the respondents might consciously or unconsciously give the answers they think the wants to hear